Skills essay-china’s issues: Rural poverty.
China is in the middle of various crisis’s, ranging from the numerous economic problems, overly populations in different angles and the ever looming pollution levels. In this essay I will be looking at Chinas economic stage in better detail, how it can be solved and details on
NUMBER 1: Introduction
Chinas most threatening issues is that amongst the people some people are very wealthy, while others go to bed hungry. The problems with this is that, according to businessinsider.com, their main source:
Joseph P. Quinlan, a strategist for US Trust, who wrote about the importance of Chinese importing.
“Import demand in China has been simply staggering since 2000, with imports rising nearly nine-fold between 2000 and 2014, helping to boost demand and real growth in Southeast Asia, Africa, South America, and the Middle East, among other places,” Quinlan said.
Now according to According to Professor Jianrong, official statistics show the number of recorded incidents of mass unrest is “boiling … to the point of explosion”.
This proves, that with Chinas money range issue, there can be multiple complaints on how economics gains and losses can be dealed with.
NUMBER 2: Statistics
In this section I will be looking at the numbers revolving on Chinas economic growth and population.
China’s rapid economic growth in the order of 9.4 percent per year since economic reform started in 1978 is well recognized. Many observers also agree that the momentum for further growth in the foreseeable future is assured. The large amount of wealth created and the insufficient attention given to the welfare of residents in the rural regions have created a large income gap between the urban rich and rural poor as well as opportunities of exploitation of the latter by local government and Communist Party officials. Hence the country’s leaders now consider the number one economic and social problem to be rural poverty despite the substantial improvement in the living standard of the rural population in recent years.
NUMBER 3: Main problems and components
I have divided the problem of rural poverty into the following three components:
The first is the income gap between the urban and rural residents. From the data researched it is clear that the problem of rural poverty is not due to the low income level of the rural population, nor to a small rate of increase in income.
The second component is the unfavorable treatment by the central government for the rural residents as compared with the urban residents. The neglect of the central government in dealing with the rural problems is probably not by design but a result of the historical development of economic reform. The initial success of the privatization of farming in the early 1980s that improved the economic conditions of the farmers was a result of market forces at work and not of government intervention. The strategy of “letting some people get rich first” resulted in the income gap between the urban and rural population.
The third, and very important, component is the three-farm problem; in which the farmers’ rights have been violated by illegal activities of local government officials. Secondly, many farmers and other rural residents are not paid properly, or not paid on time, for work performed such as wages for public and physical work (carrying things, or transporting things) and for teaching in public schools. This shows inequality between different citizens.
NUMBER 4. Solution Proposed by the Chinese Government
Realizing these problems the central government has given the agriculture sector much attention in recent years. In 1993, the “three-farm policy” was introduced to improve agriculture productivity in farming, promote economic development of rural areas and increase the income of farmers. It includes increasing capital investment in rural areas and helping the farmers to use better technology and better method for farming, reducing corruption and misbehavior of local government officials and economic assistance to farmers or workers.
NUMBER 5. Solution list and set rules
In February 2004, the State Council set a list of rules to balance things out.
1. Support the development of agricultural production in grain producing areas to increase incomes of the farmers. This includes providing incentives to farmers, improving method of production as well as the quality of land, and increasing government investment in agriculture.
2. Changing the structure of agricultural production by improving technology.
3. Develop industrial and service industries in rural areas, including the encouragement of township and village as well as private enterprises. (Township and village enterprises, perhaps involving less capital than those that flourished in the 1980s and of more primitive nature that is tied to agricultural production, did not develop in the very poor regions probably because of lack of human capital among the residents and lack of incentives on the part local government officials to promote them.)
4. Helping the farmers in moving to urban areas to find work by reducing various levies collected from them by city governments and by giving responsibility to the latter for the training of the incoming farmers and for the education of their children.
5. Establish market mechanism for the distribution and marketing of grain by allowing more distribution channels including collectives and by the promotion of farm products.
6. Build infrastructure for rural areas, including water supply, roads and electricity in poor areas.
7. Continue to improve programs to reduce poverty by allowance and other means.
NUMBER 5. Conclusion
In conclusion, I have summed up statistics on poverty, economic status, and how china have dealt with it. I believe Chinas most threatening dangers have been solved.