It surrounds the many differences of distinctive discoveries, both with a positive and negative effect. As Charlie writes the novel through many letters, his discoveries are told first hand so we get a really featured comprehension of the transformative result have on him. Charlie’s naivety (due to his social anxiety and awkwardness) creates in many ways an even stronger reaction to these discoveries, as he is unaware of any “lead up” or preparation from external forces. His naivety also causes many discoveries, as he is unaware of the impact of many of his actions or the way people feel towards him. Throughout the novel, Charlie makes a variety of personal discoveries about himself, his friends and his family – set into motion through the discovery of his best friend’s suicide and the starting of high school- that transform him in many ways. This is achieved through the literary effects of first person narration (through his letters), allusion and foreshadowing.