Interprofessional Care Model for NursingDennis R

Interprofessional Care Model for NursingDennis R. Casanova
Chamberlain University
Interprofessional Care Model for NursingNursing care models are used in nursing care. The different types of nursing care models used depends on the patient that we are caring for and each facility may use different care models. Nursing care models are used as guides in our nursing practice. Nursing care models are also called nursing or patient care delivery systems, and are used to “implement resource-intensive strategies with the goal of decreasing expenses and using staff more effectively” (Finkleman, 2016). The nursing care models mirror what is important in nursing which is providing quality care and the state of nursing today. Mainly, focusing on safety in how we apply nursing care. In the unit where I currently work, we have adopted the patient-centered nursing care model where the patient is involved in their care. Also, we work with other health care workers to form an interprofessional team in providing care for our patients. Interprofessional collaboration model is the model “in which different professional groups work together to positively impact health care” (Burdick, 2017). The rounding is used is to exchange information in providing a care plan for the patients.

The interprofessional care model begins at the start of our shifts where we do bedside rounding where patient-centered care is the focus. Patients are given their plan of care for the day, and gives them a chance to ask questions. This way it gives the patient a voice in their care. It empowers them in their care so they don’t feel lost in their stay is why I feel that our unit adopted this nursing model. I’ve also noticed one hospitalist that will round on his patients with the nurse caring for them. Nursing staff satisfaction has been shown to improve related to communication and workflow during bed-side rounding (Sharma, 2014). Rounding with the hospitalist gives patients the idea that we are “on the same page”.
One article that I found explains that the patient-centered model is about changing the relationship between the nurse and the patient from the traditional way where nurses use the same treatments for patients with similar diagnoses. The change included choosing the treatment that the patient prefers. With this model, it focuses on the health outcomes that are important to each patient (Solomon, 2018). Based on the article, nurses are continuously having patients involved so they know what to expect and allows the patient to make decisions on their care. Another article that I found explains that the needs and preferences of a patient is important in their plan of care. In the article it states that a true patient-centered care model, as a central principle underpinning all heath care delivery, involves the enabling of people to successfully engage in self-care (ACN, 2014).
I witness the interprofessional care model where all disciplines of the health care team work together in caring for the patients. The team consists of nurses, nursing assistants, physical therapists, respiratory therapists, physicians, etc. working together in cooperating, communicating, and integrating care to ensure that care is continuous and reliable (Finkleman, 2016). Effective communication, teamwork, and interprofessional collaboration are very critical in improving patient experience, improving population health, and by reducing healthcare costs (Fleming, 2017). Interprofessional collaboration has gained prominence over the recent decade and evidence of its impact has grown (Fleischmann, 2016). It is based on the effectiveness of working with others. An example that is used often is coordinating with the wound care team when it comes to doing dressing changes by nursing providing pain medication prior to the dressing changes.
Another type of nursing care model that is different from interprofessional practice model is patient navigation which is a model that primarily focuses on patients with cancer. Its focus is in “decreasing barriers to better ensure that patients get the care they need when they need it (Finkleman, 2016). The use of patient navigation interventions is used to reduce cancer disparities. In trying to reduce these disparities, this model has been used as an innovative intervention to address barriers in obtaining cancer care (Wells, 2008). There is very little information about what is patient navigation and little information of the efficacy of improving cancer outcomes. Based on the article, patient navigation helps patients find cancer care and helps in reducing any delays in cancer care. This model is seen in units where they mainly care for patients with cancer. My facility where I currently work has an Oncology Unit. I was chemo certified in my old job where administered chemo and took care of cancer patients. There are also cancer centers which are an example of the patient navigation model.

In the facility where I work, we have case managers who are also nurses. This is an example of case management model. It is an important model because it seeks to coordinate care while reducing health care costs and ensuring patients’ quality of care (Joo, 2014). They help patients by providing care when they are discharged. Also, while they are still in the hospital, they can help coordinate the patients’ care while providing positive outcomes. They are effective by providing information and coordination of care. In a community setting, they act as educators, offer referrals and support groups. The problem with this model is that it lacks standardization in different settings.

If I had to pick a different nursing care model to improve quality of nursing, I would chose the team nursing model. Team nursing can be defined as a group of people who work together dependent of each other in providing care. The benefit is that we can use each other as a resource and supplement each other in patient care (Dickerson, 2017). We all have different skills and education and by pairing with someone with a skill we aren’t proficient in can be an advantage. An advantage of this model it can be adapted to meet the needs of the unit and the patient.
References
BIBLIOGRAPHY Last Name, F. M. (Year). Article Title. Journal Title, Pages From – To.

Last Name, F. M. (Year). Book Title. City Name: Publisher Name.

Sharma, U.
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