Essay Prompt 1
Historically, the United States of America was colonised by Great Britain which exercised its political dominion over various States across the country. Under this imperial rule, the colonies of Great Britain were deemed as overseas provinces of Britain hence were under the political control of the King. Consequentially, the King of Great Britain appointed various administrators who established a similar political system in these areas as Britain. The administrators ruled these colonised territories according to the will of the King. On the other hand, the colonised territories retained their unique social attributes. Therefore, this academic paper specifically highlights the various types of social systems of the English colonies while explaining why their political systems became similar.
After the colonisation of the United States of America from Great Britain, William Penn developed a model of government that borrowed various attributes from England. Penn was allocated an enormous and tract of land north of Maryland and west of the Delaware River by King Charles II. This territory was later referred to as Pennsylvania and preferred by traders due to the fair dealing that Penn had developed with the local Indians. The territory flourished, and its citizens enjoyed various human rights, such as the freedom of worship with Penn himself being a devout Quaker. Further, the territory maintained its unique social attributes of diversity and cultural underpinnings of the area .
Similarly, during the reign of King James of Great Britain certain British citizens sent on a voyage to colonise the territories of New Plymouth. The Mayflower Compact was drawn up prior to the voyage whereby these colonialists established their rule with the express authority of the king hence they swore allegiance to him and ensured that the region was governed in line with the English political system. Under this arrangement, the New Plymouth region was to be governed in the glory of God by establishing just and fair political systems in the territory. In this light, the region passed laws that reflected the political norms of Great Britain while maintaining the unique social attributes of New Plymouth.
John Winthrop was a “Puritan elder who led a large migration of Puritans from England to America in 1629 seeking refuge and a new beginning for his fellow Puritans” . Additionally, John Winthrop’s ‘Dreams of a City on a Hill’ sermon is widely acclaimed for underpinning both the political and social systems that the English settlers hoped to operationalise in New England. This sermon aptly captures the aspirations of the settlers and fondly refers to the Massachusetts Bay colony as ‘a city on a hill.’ From this description, the colony was supposed to act as an example to other cities in the world and shine brightly due to its success. In this sermon, Winthrop highlights how this magnificent city would differ from the rest of the world, as it was to be a centre of excellence. Even though the city would have a similar political system as the other colonies of Great Britain, its social system would be above par as it not only recognised the importance of God but also provided for the weak and the poor.
Ultimately, it is apparent that the different colonies that Great Britain conquered in the United States of America were governed under a similar political system. All the colonies were loyal and pledged their allegiance to the King of Great Britain hence they developed political systems that were in tune with the political system of Great Britain. On the other hand, each colony had its unique social system that helped the colonial administration effectively deal with the emergent challenges. The unique social systems were instrumental in establishing the social character of these territories.
Essay Prompt 2
The American Revolution, also known as the Revolutionary war, is a colonial revolt that occurred as a result of the growing tensions between the colonial government, represented by Great Britain, and the residents of England’s North American colonies. As the colonies declared independence from the colonial government in 1776, the war of freedom was inevitable. The urged for independence caught the attention of various author including Thomas Paine who criticized the actions of Great Britain in a call for freedom . The seven years of war (1775-1783) about codified languages, ideas, and new institutions, that are still enjoyed by Americans today. Among the causes and events that resulted in the American Revolution imposition of taxes without representation, extreme government control, and the Great Awakening.
One of the key causes that led to the American Revolution was the imposition of taxes without representation. With the increasing population growth among the colonies, the colonial government saw an opportunity to impose pass reforms of direct tax imposition for the maintenance of the empire. The Stamp Act (1765) is a popular act that was targeted to the revenues of the thirteen colonies. This Act created a new direct tax to the colonies without an explanation for the purpose of the imposition . Townshend Acts (1767) were also passed to extract funds from colonies. Unlike the Stamp Act, these series of Acts created new customs duties in common trading items such as glass, lead, paint, and tea . As such, the colonies were forced to retaliate in seek for freedom from the British Government.
The revolutionary war was also stirred by extreme government control. As the Pontiac’s war failed to oust the British from the colonial lands, the government continued to gain a significant power over the colonies. One of the events that proved Great Britain’s extreme control is the Boston Massacre. In an attempt to enforce new acts and quell new resistance, Great Britain sent regiments to Bostin in 1768. The intervention of the riot led the British soldiers firing and killing five Bostonians . With newspaper prints, the exploitations of colonists and the news of the Boston Massacre spread quickly depicting the British soldiers as the bloodthirsty generated sympathy of Boston and great anger towards the colonial government . The Boston Tea Party is another event that led the Bostonians protesting against the high tea taxes. The colonial government retaliated by imposing intolerable (Coercive) Acts. These acts gave Great Britain extreme power over the colonies. As such, the colonies were forced to fight for freedom from the abusive acts.
The Great Awakening is a long-term cause of the seven-year revolutionary war. While revivals also took place in England and Germany, the American experience of the Great Awakening was known to cross class lines and takes place in the rural and urban areas. While revolution was not conceived during the revivals, the Great Awakening triggered a shift that must be taken seriously. This revival was a result of a reaction of the age of enlightenment. During some of the ministers such as Jonathan Edwards were worried that the new Englanders were more concerned about the worldly matter. The Great Awakening was the first event that could be shared commonly among the colonies. As such, references as a “waiting period” before the revolution made it a long-term cause of the revolutionary war.
The eighteenth century marked a period that enabled the colonists to establish open emotion tied with the British and its constitution. For the next decade, however, the exploitations of from the colonial government forced the colonists to declare their independence. The desire for freedom made the revolutionary was unavoidable. North American colonies aspired for a better nation that administered reasonable taxes, unrestricted international trade and freedom from the colonial government. Among the events that led to the revolutionary war include imposition of taxes without representation, extreme government control, and the Great Awakening.